1. The primary blame rests on ABS-CBN. They promised huge cash rewards to attract people to their anniversary show. People, nay a mob, came in droves as early as four days earlier and camped outside the venue. It was simply an accident waiting to happen.
2. The local government unit. Thousands of people were massing a few days before yet the local government officials did not do anything to "manage the situation." They could have provided temporary shelter or they could simply told them to leave and go back on the day of the show (February 4, Saturday).
3. The people who went there themselves. Let's not free them from the blame. Let's assume that they are "rational" people who were responding to an incentive, i.e. the possible cash rewards from the show, from ABS. They must have weighed the costs/risks and benefits and decided that benefits outweighed the risks. They were wrong. Well, "rational" people got it wrong sometimes. Or most of the time.
4. The government. No, its not Gloria alone but all administrations from Cory Aquino to the present for not adopting policies that could have ushered economic growth. Economic desperation must be one of the reasons why people went there hoping they could get some cash to pay for some needs. You see, economic growth is the best way to lift people out of poverty and misery. Just look at
3. The country's ruling economic and political elite. Who pays the right amount of tax in this country? Not our tycoons. Not our industrialists. Not the rich guys who raked in billions from the service sector (banking, telecommunications, shipping, wholesale and retail, etc). These guys enjoy fiscal incentives from the government (e.g., income tax holiday, duty-free importation of machines, low real estate tax, among many others). The ones who pay the right amoung of taxes are those who are forced to through salary deductions. If only most of us pay the right tax, this country could have developed at par with most the mores successful countries in the Asia-Pacific Region.